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[Hydrogen Society] So, Why Are They So Green?

2020-08-14

Why do you think FCEV is the ultimate green car? Here's why.

FCEV is a future green vehicle. It produces no harmful tailpipe emissions, and even purifies the air outside. Here is some information about how exactly green they are, and how we are going to use these fuel cell systems.

ZERO Emission

The most important part of being a green car is that it should not emit toxic pollutants. FCEVs produce no harmful tailpipe emissions, unlike internal combustion engines burn gasoline or diesel fuel and produce carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), hydrocarbons (HC), carbon dioxide (CO₂), and sulfur oxides (SOx). This explains why a number of governments around the world try to regulate these engines.

FCEVs work differently from how conventional ICEs do. They use a different type of fuel and also generate power differently. Though they might seem similar with EVs at first, FCEVs have their own way to run. Hydrogen from the tanks and oxygen from outside air meet in the FCEV’s fuel cells to produce electricity and distilled water. The electricity is used as a power source, and the water is removed as exhaust. EVs and FCEVs are environmentally friendly vehicles with no exhaust emission, but FCEVs take it a step further by scrubbing the air wherever they go, and are considered the most environmentally friendly vehicles.

The More, The Greener

The oxygen necessary to react with hydrogen is drawn from the atmosphere. Such air drawn into the FCEV passes through a 3-stage air purification system consisting of an air filter, membrane humidifier, and a gas diffusion layer, which cleans it of particulates and other unwanted matter, leaving the air cleaner. In a way, it has an atmospheric ‘scrubbing’ effect and also maintains the quality of fuel cells by keeping them clean.

FCEVs emit cleaner air than they sucked in before, so, not only they protect the fuel cells but also purify the air. There is obviously a reason why they are called ‘Running Purifiers’.

Fuel Cell System for commercial vehicles

The oxygen necessary to react with hydrogen is drawn from the atmosphere. Such air drawn into the FCEV passes through a 3-stage air purification system consisting of an air filter, membrane humidifier, and a gas diffusion layer, which cleans it of particulates and other unwanted matter, leaving the air cleaner. In a way, it has an atmospheric ‘scrubbing’ effect and also maintains the quality of fuel cells by keeping them clean.

FCEVs emit cleaner air than they sucked in before, so, not only they protect the fuel cells but also purify the air. There is obviously a reason why they are called ‘Running Purifiers’.

Fuel Cell: Beyond Vehicles

According to the Mckinsey report published back in 2017, the fuel cell system is going to spread among other mobility sectors – hydrogen tramways and railways by 2025, cruise ships by 2030, and vessels and airplanes by 2050.

South Korea is also working on developing hydrogen fuel cells. HMG will collaborate with Hyundai E&C to develop a hydrogen forklift by the end of this year, and a hydrogen excavator by 2021 to make them available in the market. Hyundai Rotem, on the other hand, is working with Hyundai Motor Company to build a railway system powered by hydrogen fuel cells.

The reason that people see fuel cell promising is not just because it’s highly cost-efficient and safe, but most of all, it’s green enough. The fuel cell system indeed has a bright future, considering everyone is focusing on sustainable growth.